About Our Plan


A Real Plan to Protect Our Environment is the result of hard work, endless stakeholder consultations, and great independent research.

Canada’s Conservatives recognize that climate change is real and evidence from around the world clearly shows that there is a global warming trend.

The United Nation’s Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) notes an overall average temperature increase of about 0.85oC since 1880[2][3].

While natural events can account for some temperature change, research and data show that human activities are a major contributing factor. It is now considered extremely likely that more than half of the increase in global surface temperature between 1951 and 2010 has been caused by man-made greenhouse gas contributions[1].

When it comes to emissions, Canada is a small contributor to the global problem. By most measures, we account for about 1.6% of total global emissions[4][5][6].

Of the world’s largest emitters, China holds the top spot by a significant margin. Beginning around 2000, China has experienced an exponential rise in emissions[7].

Global C)2 Emitters


The Paris Agreement (2015) is an ambitious agreement, signed by 194 countries, to fight climate change. Under this agreement, signatory countries make non-binding pledges (called Nationally Determined Contributions) to reduce emissions. Governments regularly report on their progress towards these goals.

Canada’s pledge for the Paris Agreement (2015) is to cut emissions by 30% below 2005 levels by 2030. These targets were developed by the previous Conservative government.

The Paris targets are Conservative targets and our plan will give Canada the best chance at reaching them.

It is important to note that our provincial governments are already making headway on reducing their own emissions. We recognize their leadership and we look forward to working with them in our fight against climate change. The diversity of our federation is our own unique advantage to identify and implement new approaches to reduce emissions both at home and abroad.


The Trudeau Liberals love to talk about climate action, but as usual, they are better at words than action. To meet the Paris Agreement targets, Trudeau’s climate scheme relies on imposing a carbon tax on Canadian families and small businesses.

Trudeau's Carbon Tax makes life harder and less affordable for Canadians and does nothing to protect the environment or to tackle climate change for Canada and the world.

What Justin Trudeau is not telling Canadians is that for a carbon tax to have any real effect, it will have to increase dramatically.

Even now…

The Trudeau Liberal Carbon Tax hurts commuters driving to and from work trying to put food on the table for their families.

The Trudeau Liberal Carbon Tax hurts moms and dads driving their kids to and from hockey practice.

The Trudeau Liberal Carbon Tax hurts seniors who are trying to heat their home during a cold winter.

The Trudeau Liberal Carbon Tax hurts local businesses on Main Streets across our beautiful country.

What has Justin Trudeau’s climate plan accomplished?

The fact is, Justin Trudeau is nowhere close to meeting the Paris Agreement targets and his government’s own numbers show Canada is moving further and further away from the goal. 

In 2016, Trudeau’s Liberal government estimated that their plan would fall 44 megatonnes short of the Paris targets[8], then in 2017 their UN submission showed that the Trudeau government would fall 66 Mt short of the Paris target[9], and in 2018, they projected that Canada they would fall 103 Mt short of the Paris target[10].  

Missing Paris Target chart

A secret memo prepared for Liberal Environment Minister Catherine McKenna estimated that the Liberal Carbon Tax would have to go as high as $300 per tonne for Canada to meet its emissions targets.  This means that Trudeau’s Carbon Tax is either too low to meet the Paris targets, or a re-elected Liberal government would continue to increase its carbon tax past 2022.

On June 13th, 2019, the Parliamentary Budget Office released a new report that found that Trudeau’s Carbon Tax would need to be $102 per tonne to reach Canada’s emissions reductions targets under the Paris Agreement.

What is more is that this price would have to be implemented in all provinces and territories, not just the four provinces where the federal backstop currently applies. This cost would be five times more expensive than it is today.

The reality is that under a re-elected Trudeau government, Canadians would pay even more for groceries and home heating. Their climate scheme would add 23 cents per litre on the cost of gas.

By every measure, when it comes to climate change, Justin Trudeau has failed – his climate plan is not as advertised.

The Trudeau Carbon Tax is a revenue plan, not an environment plan.

It makes life more unaffordable for Canadians by increasing the cost of gasoline, groceries, and home heating.

Canadian families and small businesses will pay 92% of Trudeau’s Carbon Tax. Big polluters are only on the hook for 8%.

Trudeau gave Canada’s biggest polluters a special deal on the carbon tax.

If he is re-elected, his Carbon Tax is only going up. The Parliamentary Budget Officer says the Trudeau Carbon Tax would have to increase five-times for Canada to reach its Paris targets.

That would add 23 cents per litre to the price of gasoline and cost the average Canadian family more than $1,000 a year.

Our plan will reduce emissions – without a carbon tax.


Climate change is a real, global problem that will require decisive action at the federal level.

For years, provinces across our country, and governments around the world have tried to reduce emissions with a carbon tax. It’s clear that this isn’t working.

It is time for Canada to be a real leader and bring forward new, innovative solutions.

A Real Plan to Protect Our Environment is a balanced approach to reduce emissions at home, conserve and protect our air, land, water and wildlife, and take our fight against climate change global.

Our plan has three guiding principles:

  1. Green Technology, Not Taxes
  2. A Cleaner and Greener Natural Environment
  3. Taking the Climate Change Fight Global


Green Technology, Not Taxes is the best way to lower Canada’s emissions. A Real Plan to Protect Our Environment supports green technology innovation, development, and adoption here in Canada, without making life more expensive with new taxes.

The Trudeau Liberals put a carbon tax in place to make driving your car and heating your home more expensive, hoping that you, the consumer, will seek different, cleaner alternatives. Here is the catch: cleaner, more affordable alternatives don’t always exist. Many commuters in the GTA often do not have another option but to drive their car to work and back home to their families. Seniors in rural British Columbia often have no other option but to heat their homes with affordable and reliable natural gas or propane. Middle-class families just trying to pay their bills do not always have the flexibility to make different choices, and sometimes, those choices simply aren’t available to them. In the end, Trudeau’s Carbon Tax takes money out of your pockets and puts it into the government’s coffers.

There is a better way to fight climate change and reduce our emissions.

We can encourage and support the development of green technology to make environmentally friendly alternatives available. We can do this without making the lives of Canadians harder and more expensive.

Canada is well positioned to be a top contributor of clean technology development. Our country boasts a skilled workforce, strong financial system, access to global markets and proximity to key trading markets like the United States.

We have world-renowned expertise in artificial intelligence and high-tech and a proven track record of innovation in key industrial sectors.

Canada also has a strong culture of corporate responsibility. There are many businesses – big and small – that want to do their part.

As a government, it will be our responsibility to make sure that our policies encourage those who want to act to reduce emissions, while remaining competitive and able to grow.

Our Green Technology, Not Taxes approach, will take real action at home to reduce our emissions, fight climate change, and conserve and protect our environment.


Canadians across our country work to conserve, protect and manage our environment. Our plan ensures those Canadians  who depend on the land for their livelihoods, are consulted.

The Trudeau Liberals have ignored much of the important work that is being done to protect, conserve and manage our environment within our borders. They have cancelled meaningful consultations with our hunters and anglers, removed important programs like the Lake Simcoe Clean-Up Fund and allowed harmful environmental practices to carry on here at home – such as the dumping of 8 billion litres of raw sewage into the St. Lawrence River.

We know that when people – and governments – come together, the best ideas are put forward and the most productive solutions are found. We understand that the whole country must work together and that is why we will work with the provincial, territorial and municipal governments across our country to deliver real climate solutions and a cleaner and greener natural environment.

The Trudeau Liberals’ promise to work with our provinces and territories as partners has been broken. Right now, there is a conflict between the federal, provincial and territorial governments driven primarily by heavy-handed actions by the Trudeau Liberals. Five Canadian provinces are now challenging the Trudeau Liberal Carbon Tax in court. At a time when we need collaboration, the Trudeau Liberals are delivering conflict. Justin Trudeau has put his narrow ideology ahead of national unity.

A Real Plan to Protect Our Environment builds on the important work that our farmers, hunters and anglers, Indigenous peoples, and volunteers do every day. Our plan will encourage community engagement and consultation. Our plan will conserve and protect our air, land, water and wildlife.

We will review and update strategies for invasive species and major pests.

We will manage our protected areas and lead with consultations to make sure our approach has the best interests of communities in mind.

We will reinstate and improve important conservation funding and better manage undervalued habitats that have been neglected, like our wetlands.

We will work to combat air pollution, protect our waters and oceans, and take action on plastics and waste.

We will ensure that our environmental laws are enforced so everyone is held accountable for their actions.

We will work with provinces and municipalities to bring an end to raw sewage dumps into marine or freshwater ecosystems.


Emissions do not recognize borders. The impacts of climate change are not proportional to a country’s contributions to emissions, or to its ability to adapt to the impact of climate change.

The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) was first signed in 1992 and has produced two main agreements: the Kyoto Protocol and the Paris Agreement. In the past 27 years there has been significant global engagement, but despite public awareness and support, global emissions have continued to grow.

This is important context for policy-making. As a relatively small emitter in a world that is struggling to achieve its goals under the current framework, Canada has an opportunity to take new approaches to reduce global emissions.

That is why A Real Plan to Protect Our Environment will take the fight against climate change global.

The Trudeau Liberals often seem apologetic, even embarrassed, about what Canada has to offer. A Conservative government will proudly launch the 'Canadian Clean' brand. We will stamp our products as 'Canadian Clean' and market them as an alternative to the carbon intensive options that exist in other countries. We will stand up for our entrepreneurs and businesses and champion hard-working Canadians on the world stage. We will support technologies and products that are the cleanest in the world by helping Canadian innovators reach global markets.

Justin Trudeau wants to "phase out" Canada’s oil and gas sector entirely. This is neither realistic, nor would it be in our best interest. Many forecasters project that demand for oil and gas products will continue to be strong through 2030 and beyond [12][13][14]. Canada cannot let that demand be filled by others. We will work to make Canadian oil and gas the cleanest in the world, making our country a sought-after supplier while lowering emissions worldwide by replacing dirtier products.

Firstly, Canadian energy products, like LNG can be used to replace dirtier foreign energy sources like coal. Secondly, the export of Canadian Clean products, like aluminum, can displace products that have a much higher emissions profile. Finally, technology developed in Canada to reduce emissions can be exported to the world. Not only will we support these initiatives with the Canadian Clean plan, but we will introduce tax measures to support our green industries.

Climate change is a global problem that requires global solutions.

Canada has a leadership role to play and we must take our climate fight global.

Canada would not make a global impact by focusing only on reducing emissions within our own borders.

Canada is a relatively low emitter. If you shut down Canada’s whole economy for one year – it would take China only 21 days to replace our emissions. 

[1]IPCC, 2014: Climate Change 2014: Synthesis Report. Contribution of Working Groups I, II and III to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [Core Writing Team, R.K. Pachauri and L.A. Meyer (eds.)]. IPCC, Geneva, Switzerland, 151 pp.

[2] NASA.gov Earth Observatory. World of Change: Global Temperatures

[3] IPCC, 2014: Climate Change 2014: Synthesis Report. Contribution of Working Groups I, II and III to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [Core Writing Team, R.K. Pachauri and L.A. Meyer (eds.)]. IPCC, Geneva, Switzerland, 151 pp.

[4] Canada.ca. Global Greenhouse Gas Emissions

[5] Globalcarbonatlas.org

[6] Climatewatchdata.org. Data Explorer

[7] Globalcarbonatlas.org

[8] Canada.ca. Pathway to meeting Canada’s 2030 target

[9] Government of Canada. 2017. Canada’s 7th National Communication and 3rd Biennial Report. 311 pp.

[10] Government of Canada. 2018. Canada’s Greenhouse Gas and Air Pollutant Emissions Projections, 2018. 95 pp.

[11] Sources for this data all come from official Government of Canada projections. 2016: Canada.ca. Pathway to meeting Canada’s 2030 target - 2017: Government of Canada. 2017. Canada’s 7th National Communication and 3rd Biennial Report. 311 pp. - 2018: Government of Canada. 2018. Canada’s Greenhouse Gas and Air Pollutant Emissions Projections, 2018. 95 pp.

[12] DNV-GL. 2017. Oil and Gas Forecast to 2050. Ourenergypolicy.org.

[13] Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries. 2017. World Oil Outlook 2040

[14] McKinsey. 2019. Global Oil Supply and Demand Outlook. Snyder, J. Nov 13, 2017. Tighter building codes are Ottawa’s next climate target – and it could cost homeowners up to $35,000. Financial Post.

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